Centrifugal pumps are central today in various industries. There are different types of centrifugal pumps available to suit diverse industrial application requirements.
These pumps are widely used for pumping, circulating, and moving fluids through the pumps from one location to another. The robust and reliable design of centrifugal pumps makes them useful for moving large volumes of fluids as well.
But what types of centrifugal pumps are out there, and what are their applications?
Choosing the appropriate type of centrifugal pump is essential for successful pumping operation. There are a variety of centrifugal pumps in the market with unique features, functions, and capabilities.
It’s important to know about the various centrifugal pump types to ensure you select the right pump for your application.
In this blog, we will introduce you to the different types of centrifugal pumps, their features, technical specifications, and applications so you will know which pump suits you the best.
A centrifugal pump is commonly used for transporting fluid in various industries by converting rotational energy into kinetic energy generated from impellers.
These pumps are renowned for providing the best performance in a wide range of applications. It has unique features like energy efficiency, high operating reliability, safe fluid handling, low maintenance, heavy-duty design, high productivity, and versatility.
As mentioned above, centrifugal pumps move fluids through energy generated from impellers; let’s quickly understand the working process in detail.
First, the liquid enters the centrifugal pump suction, which further moves the rotating impeller. This rotating impeller rotates through energy received from the pump motor, engine, or turbine.
Centrifugal pump impellers convert rotational energy into kinetic energy and push liquid outward by centrifugal force.
Lastly, fluid enters inside the volute where its velocity reduces, and pressure increases to get outside from the discharge nozzle.
Semi-open centrifugal pumps are generally pumps with semi-open impellers. It has impellers that are not covered by a shroud and are semi-open, which allows solids to pass through the impeller easily without clogging. This type of centrifugal pump is ideal for handling liquids with high solids.
|Up to 800 m3/hr
|Up to 150 Meter
|300 C Max
|Up to 3600 rpm
|C.I Cast Steel (Wcb), S.S 304, S.S 316
Suction centrifugal pumps have two different types - single and double suction centrifugal pumps. Suction pumps with single suction are ideal for smaller flows, while suction pumps with double suction are suitable for large flows.
|Up to 100 m3/hr
|Up to 120 meter/hr
|Up to 3000 rpm
|25mm to 80mm
|Up to 12 Kg. /cm2
|C.I, C.S, S.S.304, SS316/316L, Alloy-20, CD4MUC (Other MOC can be Supply on Request)
A closed impeller centrifugal pump refers to a pump with closed impellers. Its impeller is fully covered by a shroud as it is designed with added wall sections on both the front and back sides of the vanes.
Centrifugal pump with a closed impeller is suitable for fluids with low solids and high flow rates. It can not be used for pumping solids due to the risk of clogging and other wear, which can cause inefficient performance.
|Up to 500 m3/hr
|Up to 160 meter
|1400 to 2800 rpmm
|25mm to 150mm
|C.I, WCB. S.S 304, S.S 316/316L Alloy-20, CD4MCU Etc
1. Chemical Industry
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in chemical plants:
2. Irrigation Systems
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in irrigation systems:
3. Water Treatment Plants
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in water treatment plants:
4. Oil Refineries
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in oil refineries:
5. Paper Mills
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in paper mills:
6. Power Plants
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in power plants:
7. Mining Applications
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in mining applications:
8. Food Processing Plants
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in food processing plants:
9. Military Applications
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in military applications:
10. Shipbuilding Industry
Listed below are common applications of centrifugal pumps in the shipbuilding industry:
Choose The Right Centrifugal Pump
To summarize, there are 3 most common types of centrifugal pumps:
1. Semi-Open Centrifugal Pump: Ideal for fluids with high solids.
2. Side Suction Centrifugal Pump: Available in different types for smaller and larger flows.
3. Closed Impeller Centrifugal Pump: Ideal for fluids with low solids and high flow rates.
If you are someone looking for a trusted centrifugal pump manufacturer and supplier in India, your search ends here!
Jay Khodiyar Engineering Works is a renowned centrifugal pump supplier, offering a diverse range of centrifugal pumps for various industrial applications. Our supplied range of centrifugal pumps is highly recognized for their efficiency and smooth performance.
Contact us today to discuss your requirements.